Malawi officially the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland. It is bordered by Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the northeast, and Mozambique on the east, south and west. Lake Malawi is between 560 and 579 km long and is 75 km wide at its widest point its total surface area is approximately 29,600 km. The lake is bordered by western Mozambique, eastern Malawi, and southern Tanganyika, the mainland portion of Tanzania. Its largest tributary is the Ruhuhu and its outlet is the Shire River, a tributary of the Zambezi. Lake Malawi lies in the rift valley formed by the East African Rift where the African tectonic plate is splitting in two. The lake itself is approximately 40,000 years old.
Sitting in the sunshine on a palm fringed, sandy beach with sapphire water stretching as far as the eye can see, you might be forgiven for thinking you're on an oceanic tropical island rather than on the shores of Lake Malawi, hundreds of kilometres from the coast. Part of the tumble of mountains and lakes that make up the Great Rift Valley, Lake Malawi is the undisputed draw card of what people call the friendliest country in Africa. Covering 30000 km and taking up a of Malawi, this massive freshwater body is filled with shoals of brightly coloured fish while the branches of lakeside trees act as convenient perches for African fish eagles, their distinctive calls a soothing soundtrack to a Lake Malawi holiday.
Activities offered at Lake Malawi are understandably water-based. With the largest number of fish species of any lake in the world, the snorkelling is fantastic and it's a top destination for freshwater scuba diving too. The flat lake surface is also perfect for leisurely kayaking and fair weather sailing. Lake Malawi is best visited between early May and late October when the climate is mild to warm.